From the ground, we can send a pushing energy with our body by standing up straight and directing our core (belly button) toward the horse’s shoulder or hips to move laterally, or at the flank area to move forward. From the saddle, our pushing energy is transmitted to the horse by various types of pressure from our leg and seat aids.
Horses will become stressed if we send any pushing energy toward their head/neck area. Any pushing energy must be directed at the horse’s hind end through to the shoulders, depending on which type of push we need to give, lateral or forward. It all has to do with proper alignment between human and horse.